Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry dealing with the treatment of teeth irregularities, especially occlusion and alignment, and jaws that are improperly positioned. Crooked or improperly aligned teeth and jaw predispose a person to tooth decay and periodontal disease. Because of improperly aligned teeth and jaw, the extra effort add stress on chewing muscles leading to headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. Orthodontic treatments promotes a healthier mouth, stronger teeth and improved appearance. Orthodontists specialize in orthodontics who helps patients correct occlusions, bites and alignment of teeth. An orthodontist is a graduate of four years general dentistry and additional two or more years of education in an approved training program.
When it comes to determining if you will benefit from an orthodontic treatment, it is best to consult a dentist or orthodontist. Diagnostic evaluation includes clinical exam, medical history, dental health history, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. If you are suffering from overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing or crowding, then you are a good candidate for an orthodontic treatment. When the upper front teeth lies to far forward, sticking out over the lower teeth, then it is called “buck teeth” or overbite. If the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward, it is called underbite or “bulldog”. Crossbite is the term describing the dental condition wherein the upper teeth don’t come down in front of the lower teeth when biting. Open bite involves the presence of space between the biting surfaces of the front and side teeth when the back teeth bite together. As the term implies, misplaced midline is the improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth. Teeth that don’t fill up the mouth or missing teeth leads to spacing. Crowding refers to many teeth that accumulates in the dental ridge.
In orthodontic treatment, appliances are used that include fixed and removable appliances, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. Fixed appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers, whereas removable appliances include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear. The most common type of fixed appliances are braces, consisting of bands, wires and brackets. Bands are used as anchors, fixed around the teeth and are typically bonded to the front tooth.
If you need an orthodontic treatment and a reputable and trusted orthodontist, we are here to help you out. We provide orthodontic treatments to our Indianapolis clients. Please check our website for more information.
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